Tuberculosis (TB) is a serious infectious disease caused by mycobacterium tuberculosis which attacks the human lungs. It is still a life-threatening condition that affectsa large number of people globally. Though treatable and preventable, TB is one of the leading causes of deaths worldwide.

Types of Tuberculosis Infection

According to the leading medical experts, there are two kinds of tuberculosis infection:

  • Latent TB
    It is a state where the TB virus persists in the human body but remains inactive causing no symptoms.
  • Active TB
    Active TB is contagious and can be easily transmitted from one person to another, causing complications.

Medical experts believe that a large portion of the population suffers from latent TB, with a considerable percentage of people being at a risk of suffering from active TB infection. The risk may be higher for people with a weakened immune system.

Here’s everything you need to know about Tuberculosis:

Causes

Mycobacterium Tuberculosis is a bacteria that isrecognized as the main cause of the contagious disease. It may spread from person to person via released micro droplets in air, making the nearby person fall sick. TB virus mainly spreads via:

  • Coughing
  • Speaking
  • Sneezing

Tuberculosis can become severe in people with a weakenedimmune system. According to experts, the HIV virus nourishes the TB virus as it surpasses the immune system. It makes the body inefficient to control the TB virus.

Symptoms

The cases of latent TB show no symptoms, but can stay dormant for years. It may potentially convert into active TB which may cause following symptoms:

  • Cough lasting for at least 3 or more weeks
  • Coughing blood or mucus
  • Chest pain
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Fatigue and Fever
  • Loss of appetite
  • Chills and night sweats

Though TB is mainly known to strike the lungs, experts believe that it may spread to other body parts as well. It may affect the bones, brain, kidneys, liver, and even the heart.

Treatment and Prevention

Since TB is contagious, patients should always ensure preventive measures when around people. Some preventative measures include:

  • Staying at home if diagnosed with TB
  • Ventilating the room properly to restrict germ build up
  • Covering the mouth while coughing or sneezing
  • Using surgical masks

Tuberculosis (Active TB) is treatable with medications and prescribed top quality Mankind pharma products. Patients with active symptoms are required to follow and complete a long and disciplined medicinal routine for almost 8 to 10 months. They are advised to take medications and antibiotics manufactured by trusted pharma manufacturing companies.

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